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Using High-Resolution, Multi-sensor Data to Characterize Puerto Rican Forests

After hurricane deforestation in Puerto Rico, NASA scientists study forest regrowth using high-resolution, multi-sensor data.As a key component of NASA’s G-LiHT system, a 100 megapixel Phase One Industrial camera was used to produce RGB photographs for identification of fine-scale canopy features.

Using High-resolution RGB Cameras to Create High-definition 3D Thermal Models

Airbus Defence and Space acquired Phase One Industrial iXM-100 cameras to be integrated as a payload in the ALTAIR airship.
The airship’s large payload capacity allows for more than one sensor system for 3D mapping and was used recently for a pilot project between Airbus, vaireco and MVV Energie AG to generate high-definition thermal 3D models using a combination of infrared (IR) and RGB data captured simultaneously.

Airbus ALTAIR – A First for Large Scale High Definition 3D Mapping

Airbus Defense and Space acquired Phase One Industrial iXM-100 cameras with 35mm lenses to be integrated as a payload in the ALTAIR airship.

ALTAIR offers the first autonomous unmanned airship (Zeppelin), which is allowed to fly in cities and over crowds. Thus it enables the collection of high-resolution and ultra precise optical data, which are processed into 3D city models of unmatched quality. The digital products of ALTAIR are the foundation to assist in smart decision making and realistic simulations to pave the way for the future cities.

ALTAIR offers a unique combination of large area coverage, high resolution, long endurance and unbeatable payload capacity. This allows to carry more than one sensor system for 3D Mapping.

Airbus and vaireco generated high-definition thermal 3D models using a combination of infrared and high-resolution RGB data, from Phase One Industrial 100MP cameras, captured simultaneously aboard the airship - Airbus 2020 ©.

Antennae-Signal-Propagation

Designed to fly sensors over critical infrastructure and cover city scale areas, ALTAIR is ideal for Antennae Signal Propagation projects - Airbus 2020 ©.

Capture an Entire City in One Flight

Altair combines robust and proven airship platforms with latest technology to enable UAV remote sensing over cities, crowds, and beyond visual line of sight (BVLOS) missions for the first time.

The ALTAIR has a flight endurance of 3 to 8 hours, maximum payload of 10kg, flies at 60km/h, and reach a maximum height of 1800m. The airship is therefore ideal for 3D Mapping on a city scale at low altitudes for data acquisition at a high GSD.

Airbus, vaireco (a 3D inspection technology startup) and MVV Energie AG (one of Germany’s leading energy companies) embarked on a project to acquire high-definition 3D IR data on a city scale using thermal sensors and Phase One Industrial 100MP RGB cameras.

    The benefits of the airship are:
  • 10 times longer flight time compared to multicopters.
  • Low noise and high public acceptance allow for special missions even at night
  • Designed for safety, ALTAIR can fly where other aircraft and UAVs cannot
  • Real-time and high-quality data service available remotely wherever you are

"Phase One 100MP cameras are an integral part of our IR 3D mapping solution as they provide us the baseline for a high definition 3D meshed model to be fused with IR data captured in one flight"

Dr.-Ing. Klaus Kittmann

Chief Engineer X-Works - Airbus Defence and Space

Quick Facts

GSD - Optical 1.5CM
Infrared 15cm

Two 100MP cameras with 35mm lenses capture data with 1.5cm GSD from an altitude of 150m

Covers more than 10 square kilometer/day

During one flight multiple sensors can be used simultaneously.

Airbus ALTAIR
Payload up to 10kg

2 x iXM-100 cameras mounted diagonal left-front and right-back. Together with 3 Thermal sensors

IR-only-3d-model

Low-resolution thermal model captured with just IR sensors at an altitude of 150m show a generalized heat map and specific objects are difficult to identify -
Airbus 2020 ©.

Energy Saving through Large Area Thermographic Data

Clemens Peters – consultant at MVV Energie AG – explains: “Large area thermographic data acquisition of complete city infrastructures allows municipalities to support citizens to achieve energy saving targets, e.g. via our new platform CLIMAP. The data provides a decision baseline for renovation activities as well as support and allow prognoses on cost saving effects.“

Airbus and vaireco generated high-definition thermal 3D models using a combination of infrared and high-resolution RGB data, from Phase One Industrial 100MP cameras, captured simultaneously aboard the airship - Airbus 2020 ©.

Creating a Future Industry with Thermal Sensors and High-resolution RGB cameras

“Currently aerial thermal imagery is used by ‘energy optimizers’ to detect sources of heat loss in building and homes. Our new high-definition imagery opens up new uses and opportunities for people to implement this technology in such as: Fire fighters; Police; Administrations for monitoring; Architects; Maintenance crews; Safety bodies; and Environmentalists. We are only in the middle of exploiting all the new use cases with domain partners,”
– Robert Holder – Innovation Manager, Airbus Defence and Space

ALTAIR_006-cropped-camera2

Designed to be flown close to the ground, together with Phase One iXM-100 cameras, you can capture a GSD of 1.5cm when flown at a height of just 150m -
Airbus 2020 ©.

Airbus Defense and Space GmbH. - ALTAIR

    The system includes:

  • Two Phase One iXM 100 MP Cameras
    Mounted diagonal (left-front – right-back)
    – Enlarged in the image above
  • Three FLIR TAU 2 thermal sensors
    Mounted Nadir, Diagonal (right-front – left-back)
LEFT_EO_grid_RIGHT_IR_grid
High-resolution EO data from Phase One iXM-100 cameras (left) is fused with the low altitude IR data (right), which enables the detection of much smaller anomalies over a large scale while providing a direct cross-check with the optical data. -
Airbus 2020 ©.

Redefining Thermal Imaging

The challenge was to develop a system for large scale scanning, improving the infrared data quality, and to process the data into 3D infrared (IR) models. The result has an extraordinary analytical potential.

Wolfgang Herbst, business developer at vaireco and IR specialist says: “The combination of both Electro-Optical (EO) and IR 3D Models allow a completely new field of applications for infrared data. At the same time, accuracy and aerial performance is pushed into a new dimension. Thus, a number of new use cases has opened up. E.g. inspection flights of large scale solar plants. (defect cells in solar arrays usually become hotter than normal).”

The fusion of high-resolution EO data with the low altitude IR data enables the detection of much smaller anomalies over a large scale while providing a direct cross-check with the optical data. This, in turn, leads to faster analysis.. Since IR and EO data is captured simultaneously and the optical 3D mesh is used as reference for IR, both models match naturally. Uses for IR data is increased as it is now represented at the correct geolocation.

Phase One Solution

iXM-100 Phase One Camera

Phase One iXM-100 Camera
- 100 MP Aerial Photographs
- 11,608 pixels cross-track coverage
- CMOS (effective at 6400 ISO)
- High noise resistance (effective at low light)

35mm RSM Lens


35mm RSM Lens

- 35mm
- f/5.6 - f/22
- 1/2500sec

Get a Wider View of Our Newest Aerial Cameras!

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